When Typhoon Roke came ashore on Sept. 21, it became the second typhoon to hit Japan this month. The storm was equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, but it's not close to being among the biggest, baddest typhoons.
"Typhoon" is the term used for powerful storms that form in the western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean, while "hurricane" refers to storms that start in the Atlantic, Caribbean and northeast Pacific.
Typhoons rotate counterclockwise if they form in the Northern Hemisphere, while so-called "backward" storms, which rotate clockwise, form in the Southern Hemisphere. Clockwise-rotating storms are most common in the Indian Ocean and off the coast of Australia; backward hurricanes in the Atlantic basin are extremely rare.
Here are eight of the biggest, strongest and longest lasting typhoons on record: